Dr. Sandro Gaycken is director of the Digital Society Institute at Berlin’s private university ESMT. He has published five scientific monographs, three on cyberwarfare, and more than 60 other publications, is an Oxford Martin School Fellow, a program committee member of the Harvard-MIT workshop series on cyber norms, and an IEEE permanent reviewer. As governmental advisor, he helped to create Germany’s cyber foreign policy strategy, the German MoD’s cyber defense process, the German chancellery’s German-Chinese No-Spy agreement, and serves as expert witness in NATO cyber counterintelligence cases and as director in NATO’s SPS program for national cyberdefense strategies. As industrial advisor, he conducted nine major industry studies, assesses cyber companies for venture capital firms, developed cyber risk assessment methodologies for the insurance market, and an extensive cyber buyer’s guide for SMEs. He also founded cyber companies of his own, including SECURE ELEMENTS Ltd., developing high assurance embedded systems for defense electronics, now a joint venture with Airbus Defense and Space and KKR Holdings. Sandro writes frequent op-eds in newspapers like Handelsblatt, FAZ, Süddeutsche or DIE ZEIT, and comments regularly on media outlets such as CNN, BBC, Bloomberg, Forbes, The Economist, The Guardian, Wired, Vanity Fair or Al Jazeera.